Chest congestion remedies for lung disorders include a series of pharmacological approach such as bronchodilators, steroids, and antibiotics. Chest congestion is the formation of excessive fluid and mucus in the lungs. Common manifestations of this condition are cough, chest pains, and shortness of breath. In line with this, administration of expectorants and antitussives are highly recommended to relieve the patient from congestion and difficulty of breathing. The next section will provide you a brief drug study of Benzonanate, an antitussive, and Guaifenesin, an expectorant.
Benzonanate has brand names such as Tessalon and Tessalon Perles. It is under pharmacologic class of local anesthetic and pregnancy risk category C. It is indicated to patients for symptomatic relief of cough. Its mode of action includes suppression of cough reflex by direct action on the cough center in the medulla through an anesthetic action on stretch receptors of vagal afferent fibers in the respiratory passages, lungs, and pleura.
Adverse reactions include dizziness, headache, sedation, nasal congestion, burning sensation in the eyes, nausea, constipation, gastrointestinal upset, chills, and hypersensitivity reactions.
This drug is contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to drug or related compounds. Use cautiously in patients hypersensitive to PABA anesthetics because cross sensitivity reactions may occur.
Considerations to be taken when giving benzonanate are as follows. Don’t use drug when cough is a valuable diagnostic sign or is beneficial such as after thoracic surgery. Monitor the cough type and frequency. Use with percussion and chest vibration. Warn patient not to chew capsules or dissolve in mouth, which produces either local anesthesia that may result in aspiration or central nervous system stimulation that may cause restlessness, tremor, and seizures. Instruct patient to report adverse reactions at once. Also, instruct him or her to protect the drug from light and moisture. Tell patient to contact the prescriber if cough lasts longer than 1 week.
Guaifenesin or glyceryl guaiacolate is under pharmacological class of propanediol derivative and pregnancy risk category C. It is given to patients to help them expectorate thick secretions. What happens is that it increases the production of respiratory tract fluids to help liquefy and reduce viscosity of tenacious secretions.
Adverse reactions include dizziness, headache, vomiting, nausea, and rash. Taking this drug may interfere with uric acid level determination and 5 hydroxyindoleacetic acid and vanillylmandelic tests.
Tell patient to contact a health care provider if cough lasts more than 1 week. Inform him or her that drug should not be used for chronic or persistent cough, such as with smoking, asthma, chronic bronchitis, or emphysema. Chest congestion remedies may not only include taking certain medications, there are proven home managements that can be done as well.