Dentistry is that branch of the medical field that is involved with the prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, surgical and non-surgical procedures and the treatment of diseases and conditions that are related to the oral cavities. It deals with the structure of the oral cavity and it is considered essential for complete health. Dental conditions do have an impact on human behaviour and can complicate certain conditions in the human body. People who practise dentistry are known as dentists. A dental team, which is responsible for the maintenance of the oral cavities, comprises of dental therapists, dental assistants, dental technicians and dental hygienists. This team aids in oral health services.
Dentistry deals with important aspects of the oral cavity, which includes its treatment. Dentistry involves the filling up of decaying teeth with dental composite, dental porcelain, dental amalgam and certain forms of metal. The most common form of specialised dental surgery is Oral and/or maxillofacial surgery. Dentists, just like any other medical personnel, can prescribe treatment drugs and x-rays for their patients. Certain oral diseases that affect the oral area such as unerupted teeth, abnormalities and bilateral odontogenic keratocysts indicate the presence of other diseases and dentists can perform certain restorative procedures such as endodontic therapy, exodontia and periodontal therapy. Dentists, nowadays, use a wide variety of sophisticated machinery to perform the most complex dental procedures such as artificial implantation, extraction of teeth and other forms of surgery with great ease. For a dentist to practise dentistry anywhere, they have to have certain skills in various fields and be a graduate from a dental or medical school. They have to be accredited by the relevant governing institution so that they can provide excellent service to the public.
Besides treating complex dental problems, dentists also take an active role in educating the public. They help in encouraging the prevention of dental diseases and problems through oral hygiene such as brushing of the teeth, flossing and teeth polishing. After all, prevention is better than cure. Certain plastic materials called Dental sealants are put on the teeth to prevent cavities and other forms of tooth decay from taking place. Xylitol, which can be found in the form of chewing gums, is a bacteriostatic agent that prevents and fights tooth decay. Mints, too, are thought to help prevent dental tooth decay as well as casein derivates.
Dentists are usually recognised as dental treatment agents. The dental team does offer some dental assistance. However, the dentist is the one who performs certain procedures such as surgery and teeth extraction. Dentists also prescribe medication for the individuals in pain, as teeth extraction cannot take place while you are in pain. The need for these medical professionals is now increasing, especially in Western Europe, Northern America, Australia and the Philippines. Treatment for dental problems involves taking pills to reduce the pain and undergoing surgery to extract, rearrange or fill the teeth. Tooth decay can cause other gum diseases such as gingivitis and halitosis. Both of these will need surgery.